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In vitro fertilization (IVF), also referred to as artificial insemination and test tube babies, is one of the most common treatments among the advanced fertility treatments. In vitro fertilization is the most widely used methods of dealing with fertility issues in the modern age.
During the in vitro fertilization, an initiated connection is made between an ovum and a sperm under laboratory conditions, as an alternative to the natural setting for such a connection – the woman’s fallopian tube. Part of the treatment includes ovum extraction from the woman’s body, uniting it with the sperm cells and fertilization under laboratory conditions. The newly formed embryo is then inserted into the womb while administering supportive hormonal treatment.
Originally, this procedure was invented to circumvent the need for the fallopian tubes, for women whose tubes were either blocked or missing. Recently, however, it has also come into use to solve several other problems, including severe sperm problems, acute endometritis (growth of cervical tissue outside the womb), complex ovulation and hormonal disturbances and problems resulting from a combination of disturbances in both partners.
According to the State Health Insurance Law, in vitro fertilization treatments will be funded by the healthcare organization of couples who have no children from their current marriage (up to two children). This also applies to a woman without children who is interested in raising a family headed by an independent parent (“one-parent family”) for begetting a first and second child;
IVF treatments are administered to women from the age of 18, while the maximum age for receiving treatments is 45 (up to the 45th birthday). (An egg donations is given to women aged 18 to 54).